Koine Greek: Verbs - Subjunctive
Revision as of 19:16, 8 June 2009 by Graham grove
The subjunctive mood of a verb in Koine Greek is the form generally used to express potential or possibility.
The subjunctive in English is typically translated using the qualifying word "might". For example, "they might destroy" (λυωσιν) is in the subjunctive mood.
More commonly than subjunctives standing on their own, are subjunctives standing in special-case scenarios. These include
An indefinite clause expresses a sense of an unspecified nature. It is formed generally using the indefinite particle αν with the subjunctive.
Emphatic Negative Future
The emphatic negative future subjunctive is a form of the subjunctive that conveys a definite sense of impossibility. For example:
When the subjunctive stands alone in the first person plural form, it is likely that it is being used in its hortatory sense and is translated as "Let us...". For example:
The Future Condition is the form that communicates the idea "if" a certain event occurs, "then" a certain outcome will occur. This is technically known as a "third class condition" (see: Koine Greek: Conditions). The form is as follows:
Subjunctives may be in the Present or Aorist tense. The Present and the Aorist forms of the subjunctive are often translated identically into English.
The forms for the Present Active Subjunctive are as follows:
This paradigm is similar to the Present Active Indicative form, except that the vowel sounds have generally been lengthened
Present Passive (and Middle)
The forms for the Aorist Active Subjunctive are as follows:
There is no augment for the Aorist Subjunctive form.
This paradigm has the same endings as the Present Active form, except the ending is preceded by the characteristic σ of the Aorist tense.
The forms for the Aorist Passive Subjunctive are as follows:
Like the other Aorist Subjunctive forms, there is no augment for Aorist Passive Subjunctive verbs.
This paradigm has the same endings as the Present Active form, except the ending is preceded by the characteristic θ of Aorist Passive verbs.