Elder is an English translation of the Koine Greek word presbuteros found in various places in the New Testament.
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In some Christian traditions (Eastern Orthodoxy, Roman Catholicism, Anglicanism, Methodism, etc.) an elder is a clergy person who usually serves a local church or churches and who has been ordained to a ministry of Word, Sacrament, and Order, filling the preaching and pastoral offices. In other Christian traditions (Presbyterianism, the Baptists, etc.), an elder is a lay person charged with serving as an administrator in a local church.