| Exodus 21 - Versions
| Exodus 21 Text (WEB)
- "Now these are the ordinances which you shall set before them.
- "If you buy a Hebrew servant, he shall serve six years and in the seventh he shall go out free without paying anything.
- If he comes in by himself, he shall go out by himself. If he is married, then his wife shall go out with him.
- If his master gives him a wife and she bears him sons or daughters, the wife and her children shall be her master's, and he shall go out by himself.
- But if the servant shall plainly say, 'I love my master, my wife, and my children. I will not go out free;'
- then his master shall bring him to God, and shall bring him to the door or to the doorpost, and his master shall bore his ear through with an awl, and he shall serve him for ever.
- "If a man sells his daughter to be a female servant, she shall not go out as the male servants do.
- If she doesn't please her master, who has married her to himself, then he shall let her be redeemed. He shall have no right to sell her to a foreign people, since he has dealt deceitfully with her.
- If he marries her to his son, he shall deal with her as a daughter.
- If he takes another wife to himself, he shall not diminish her food, her clothing, and her marital rights.
- If he doesn't do these three things for her, she may go free without paying any money.
- "One who strikes a man so that he dies shall surely be put to death,
- but not if it is unintentional, but God allows it to happen: then I will appoint you a place where he shall flee.
- If a man schemes and comes presumptuously on his neighbor to kill him, you shall take him from my altar, that he may die.
- "Anyone who attacks his father or his mother shall be surely put to death.
- "Anyone who kidnaps someone and sells him, or if he is found in his hand, he shall surely be put to death.
- "Anyone who curses his father or his mother shall surely be put to death.
- "If men quarrel and one strikes the other with a stone, or with his fist, and he doesn't die, but is confined to bed;
- if he rises again and walks around with his staff, then he who struck him shall be cleared: only he shall pay for the loss of his time, and shall provide for his healing until he is thoroughly healed.
- "If a man strikes his servant or his maid with a rod, and he dies under his hand, he shall surely be punished.
- Notwithstanding, if he gets up after a day or two, he shall not be punished, for he is his property.
- "If men fight and hurt a pregnant woman so that she gives birth prematurely, and yet no harm follows, he shall be surely fined as much as the woman's husband demands and the judges allow.
- But if any harm follows, then you must take life for life,
- eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot,
- burning for burning, wound for wound, and bruise for bruise.
- "If a man strikes his servant's eye, or his maid's eye, and destroys it, he shall let him go free for his eye's sake.
- If he strikes out his male servant's tooth, or his female servant's tooth, he shall let him go free for his tooth's sake.
- "If a bull gores a man or a woman to death, the bull shall surely be stoned, and its flesh shall not be eaten; but the owner of the bull shall not be held responsible.
- But if the bull had a habit of goring in the past, and it has been testified to its owner, and he has not kept it in, but it has killed a man or a woman, the bull shall be stoned, and its owner shall also be put to death.
- If a ransom is laid on him, then he shall give for the redemption of his life whatever is laid on him.
- Whether it has gored a son or has gored a daughter, according to this judgment it shall be done to him.
- If the bull gores a male servant or a female servant, thirty shekels of silver shall be given to their master, and the ox shall be stoned.
- "If a man opens a pit, or if a man digs a pit and doesn't cover it, and a bull or a donkey falls into it,
- the owner of the pit shall make it good. He shall give money to its owner, and the dead animal shall be his.
- "If one man's bull injures another's, so that it dies, then they shall sell the live bull, and divide its price; and they shall also divide the dead animal.
- Or if it is known that the bull was in the habit of goring in the past, and its owner has not kept it in, he shall surely pay bull for bull, and the dead animal shall be his own.
| Exodus 21 Text (Hebrew)
- ואלה המשפטים אשר תשים לפניהם׃
- כי תקנה עבד עברי שש שנים יעבד ובשבעת יצא לחפשי חנם׃
- אם־בגפו יבא בגפו יצא אם־בעל אשה הוא ויצאה אשתו עמו׃
- אם־אדניו יתן־לו אשה וילדה־לו בנים או בנות האשה וילדיה תהיה לאדניה והוא יצא בגפו׃
- ואם־אמר יאמר העבד אהבתי את־אדני את־אשתי ואת־בני לא אצא חפשי׃
- והגישו אדניו אל־האלהים והגישו אל־הדלת או אל־המזוזה ורצע אדניו את־אזנו במרצע ועבדו לעלם׃ ס
- וכי־ימכר איש את־בתו לאמה לא תצא כצאת העבדים׃
- אם־רעה בעיני אדניה אשר־ יעדה והפדה לעם נכרי לא־ימשל למכרה בבגדו־בה׃
- ואם־לבנו ייעדנה כמשפט הבנות יעשה־לה׃
- אם־אחרת יקח־לו שארה כסותה וענתה לא יגרע׃
- ואם־שלש־אלה לא יעשה לה ויצאה חנם אין כסף׃ ס
- מכה איש ומת מות יומת׃
- ואשר לא צדה והאלהים אנה לידו ושמתי לך מקום אשר ינוס שמה׃ ס
- וכי־יזד איש על־רעהו להרגו בערמה מעם מזבחי תקחנו למות׃ ס
- ומכה אביו ואמו מות יומת׃
- וגנב איש ומכרו ונמצא בידו מות יומת׃ ס
- ומקלל אביו ואמו מות יומת׃ ס
- וכי־יריבן אנשים והכה־איש את־רעהו באבן או באגרף ולא ימות ונפל למשכב׃
- אם־יקום והתהלך בחוץ על־משענתו ונקה המכה רק שבתו יתן ורפא ירפא׃ ס
- וכי־יכה איש את־עבדו או את־אמתו בשבט ומת תחת ידו נקם ינקם׃
- אך אם־יום או יומים יעמד לא יקם כי כספו הוא׃ ס
- וכי־ינצו אנשים ונגפו אשה הרה ויצאו ילדיה ולא יהיה אסון ענוש יענש כאשר ישית עליו בעל האשה ונתן בפללים׃
- ואם־אסון יהיה ונתתה נפש תחת נפש׃
- עין תחת עין שן תחת שן יד תחת יד רגל תחת רגל׃
- כויה תחת כויה פצע תחת פצע חבורה תחת חבורה׃ ס
- וכי־יכה איש את־עין עבדו או־את־עין אמתו ושחתה לחפשי ישלחנו תחת עינו׃ ס
- ואם־שן עבדו או־שן אמתו יפיל לחפשי ישלחנו תחת שנו׃ ף
- וכי־יגח שור את־איש או את־אשה ומת סקול יסקל השור ולא יאכל את־בשרו ובעל השור נקי׃
- ואם שור נגח הוא מתמל שלשם והועד בבעליו ולא ישמרנו והמית איש או אשה השור יסקל וגם־בעליו יומת׃
- אם־כפר יושת עליו ונתן פדין נפשו ככל אשר־יושת עליו׃
- או־בן יגח או־בת יגח כמשפט הזה יעשה לו׃
- אם־עבד יגח השור או אמה כסף שלשים שקלים יתן לאדניו והשור יסקל׃ ס
- וכי־יפתח איש בור או כי־יכרה איש בר ולא יכסנו ונפל־שמה שור או חמור׃
- בעל הבור ישלם כסף ישיב לבעליו והמת יהיה־לו׃ ס
- וכי־יגף שור־איש את־שור רעהו ומת ומכרו את־השור החי וחצו את־כספו וגם את־המת יחצון׃
- או נודע כי שור נגח הוא מתמול שלשם ולא ישמרנו בעליו שלם ישלם שור תחת השור והמת יהיה־לו׃ ס
| Exodus 21 Text (Latin)
- Hæc sunt judicia quæ propones eis.
- Si emeris servum hebræum, sex annis serviet tibi : in septimo egredietur liber gratis.
- Cum quali veste intraverit, cum tali exeat : si habens uxorem, et uxor egredietur simul.
- Sin autem dominus dederit illi uxorem, et pepererit filios et filias : mulier et liberi ejus erunt domini sui, ipse vero exibit cum vestitu suo.
- Quod si dixerit servus : Diligo dominum meum et uxorem ac liberos ; non egrediar liber :
- offeret eum dominus diis, et applicabitur ad ostium et postes, perforabitque aurem ejus subula : et erit ei servus in sæculum.
- Si quis vendiderit filiam suam in famulam, non egredietur sicut ancillæ exire consueverunt.
- Si displicuerit oculis domini sui cui tradita fuerat, dimittet eam : populo autem alieno vendendi non habebit potestatem, si spreverit eam.
- Sin autem filio suo desponderit eam, juxta morem filiarum faciet illi.
- Quod si alteram ei acceperit, providebit puellæ nuptias, et vestimenta, et pretium pudicitiæ non negabit.
- Si tria ista non fecerit, egredietur gratis absque pecunia.
- Qui percusserit hominem volens occidere, morte moriatur.
- Qui autem non est insidiatus, sed Deus illum tradidit in manus ejus, constituam tibi locum in quem fugere debeat.
- Si quis per industriam occiderit proximum suum, et per insidias : ab altari meo evelles eum, ut moriatur.
- Qui percusserit patrem suum aut matrem, morte moriatur.
- Qui furatus fuerit hominem, et vendiderit eum, convictus noxæ, morte moriatur.
- Qui maledixerit patri suo, vel matri, morte moriatur.
- Si rixati fuerint viri, et percusserit alter proximum suum lapide vel pugno, et ille mortuus non fuerit, sed jacuerit in lectulo :
- si surrexerit, et ambulaverit foris super baculum suum, innocens erit qui percusserit, ita tamen ut operas ejus et impensas in medicos restituat.
- Qui percusserit servum suum, vel ancillam virga, et mortui fuerint in manibus ejus, criminis reus erit.
- Sin autem uno die vel duobus supervixerit, non subjacebit pœnæ, quia pecunia illius est.
- Si rixati fuerint viri, et percusserit quis mulierem prægnantem, et abortivum quidem fecerit, sed ipsa vixerit : subjacebit damno quantum maritus mulieris expetierit, et arbitri judicaverint.
- Sin autem mors ejus fuerit subsecuta, reddet animam pro anima,
- oculum pro oculo, dentem pro dente, manum pro manu, pedem pro pede,
- adustionem pro adustione, vulnus pro vulnere, livorem pro livore.
- Si percusserit quispiam oculum servi sui aut ancillæ, et luscos eos fecerit, dimittet eos liberos pro oculo quem eruit.
- Dentem quoque si excusserit servo vel ancillæ suæ, similiter dimittet eos liberos.
- Si bos cornu percusserit virum aut mulierem, et mortui fuerint, lapidibus obruetur : et non comedentur carnes ejus, dominus quoque bovis innocens erit.
- Quod si bos cornupeta fuerit ab heri et nudiustertius, et contestati sunt dominum ejus, nec recluserit eum, occideritque virum aut mulierem : et bos lapidibus obruetur, et dominum ejus occident.
- Quod si pretium fuerit ei impositum, dabit pro anima sua quidquid fuerit postulatus.
- Filium quoque et filiam si cornu percusserit, simili sententiæ subjacebit.
- Si servum ancillamque invaserit, triginta siclos argenti domino dabit, bos vero lapidibus opprimetur.
- Si quis aperuerit cisternam, et foderit, et non operuerit eam, cecideritque bos aut asinus in eam,
- reddet dominus cisternæ pretium jumentorum : quod autem mortuum est, ipsius erit.
- Si bos alienus bovem alterius vulneraverit, et ille mortuus fuerit : vendent bovem vivum, et divident pretium, cadaver autem mortui inter se dispertient.
- Sin autem sciebat quod bos cornupeta esset ab heri et nudiustertius, et non custodivit eum dominus suus : reddet bovem pro bove, et cadaver integrum accipiet.
| Exodus 21 Text (KJV)
- Now these are the judgments which thou shalt set before them.
- If thou buy an Hebrew servant, six years he shall serve: and in the seventh he shall go out free for nothing.
- If he came in by himself, he shall go out by himself: if he were married, then his wife shall go out with him.
- If his master have given him a wife, and she have born him sons or daughters; the wife and her children shall be her master's, and he shall go out by himself.
- And if the servant shall plainly say, I love my master, my wife, and my children; I will not go out free:
- Then his master shall bring him unto the judges; he shall also bring him to the door, or unto the door post; and his master shall bore his ear through with an aul; and he shall serve him for ever.
- And if a man sell his daughter to be a maidservant, she shall not go out as the menservants do.
- If she please not her master, who hath betrothed her to himself, then shall he let her be redeemed: to sell her unto a strange nation he shall have no power, seeing he hath dealt deceitfully with her.
- And if he have betrothed her unto his son, he shall deal with her after the manner of daughters.
- If he take him another wife; her food, her raiment, and her duty of marriage, shall he not diminish.
- And if he do not these three unto her, then shall she go out free without money.
- He that smiteth a man, so that he die, shall be surely put to death.
- And if a man lie not in wait, but God deliver him into his hand; then I will appoint thee a place whither he shall flee.
- But if a man come presumptuously upon his neighbour, to slay him with guile; thou shalt take him from mine altar, that he may die.
- And he that smiteth his father, or his mother, shall be surely put to death.
- And he that stealeth a man, and selleth him, or if he be found in his hand, he shall surely be put to death.
- And he that curseth his father, or his mother, shall surely be put to death.
- And if men strive together, and one smite another with a stone, or with his fist, and he die not, but keepeth his bed:
- If he rise again, and walk abroad upon his staff, then shall he that smote him be quit: only he shall pay for the loss of his time, and shall cause him to be thoroughly healed.
- And if a man smite his servant, or his maid, with a rod, and he die under his hand; he shall be surely punished.
- Notwithstanding, if he continue a day or two, he shall not be punished: for he is his money.
- If men strive, and hurt a woman with child, so that her fruit depart from her, and yet no mischief follow: he shall be surely punished, according as the woman's husband will lay upon him; and he shall pay as the judges determine.
- And if any mischief follow, then thou shalt give life for life,
- Eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot,
- Burning for burning, wound for wound, stripe for stripe.
- And if a man smite the eye of his servant, or the eye of his maid, that it perish; he shall let him go free for his eye's sake.
- And if he smite out his manservant's tooth, or his maidservant's tooth; he shall let him go free for his tooth's sake.
- If an ox gore a man or a woman, that they die: then the ox shall be surely stoned, and his flesh shall not be eaten; but the owner of the ox shall be quit.
- But if the ox were wont to push with his horn in time past, and it hath been testified to his owner, and he hath not kept him in, but that he hath killed a man or a woman; the ox shall be stoned, and his owner also shall be put to death.
- If there be laid on him a sum of money, then he shall give for the ransom of his life whatsoever is laid upon him.
- Whether he have gored a son, or have gored a daughter, according to this judgment shall it be done unto him.
- If the ox shall push a manservant or a maidservant; he shall give unto their master thirty shekels of silver, and the ox shall be stoned.
- And if a man shall open a pit, or if a man shall dig a pit, and not cover it, and an ox or an ass fall therein;
- The owner of the pit shall make it good, and give money unto the owner of them; and the dead beast shall be his.
- And if one man's ox hurt another's, that he die; then they shall sell the live ox, and divide the money of it; and the dead ox also they shall divide.
- Or if it be known that the ox hath used to push in time past, and his owner hath not kept him in; he shall surely pay ox for ox; and the dead shall be his own.