| Genesis 42 - Versions
| Genesis 42 Text (WEB)
- Now Jacob saw that there was grain in Egypt, and Jacob said to his sons, "Why do you look at one another?"
- He said, "Behold, I have heard that there is grain in Egypt. Go down there, and buy for us from there, so that we may live, and not die."
- Joseph's ten brothers went down to buy grain from Egypt.
- But Jacob didn't send Benjamin, Joseph's brother, with his brothers; for he said, "Lest perhaps harm happen to him."
- The sons of Israel came to buy among those who came, for the famine was in the land of Canaan.
- Joseph was the governor over the land. It was he who sold to all the people of the land. Joseph's brothers came, and bowed themselves down to him with their faces to the earth.
- Joseph saw his brothers, and he recognized them, but acted like a stranger to them, and spoke roughly with them. He said to them, "Where did you come from?" They said, "From the land of Canaan to buy food."
- Joseph recognized his brothers, but they didn't recognize him.
- Joseph remembered the dreams which he dreamed about them, and said to them, "You are spies! You have come to see the nakedness of the land."
- They said to him, "No, my lord, but your servants have come to buy food.
- We are all one man's sons; we are honest men. Your servants are not spies."
- He said to them, "No, but you have come to see the nakedness of the land!"
- They said, "We, your servants, are twelve brothers, the sons of one man in the land of Canaan; and behold, the youngest is this day with our father, and one is no more."
- Joseph said to them, "It is like I told you, saying, 'You are spies!'
- By this you shall be tested. By the life of Pharaoh, you shall not go forth from here, unless your youngest brother comes here.
- Send one of you, and let him get your brother, and you shall be bound, that your words may be tested, whether there is truth in you, or else by the life of Pharaoh surely you are spies."
- He put them all together into custody for three days.
- Joseph said to them the third day, "Do this, and live, for I fear God.
- If you are honest men, then let one of your brothers be bound in your prison; but you go, carry grain for the famine of your houses.
- Bring your youngest brother to me; so will your words be verified, and you won't die." They did so.
- They said one to another, "We are certainly guilty concerning our brother, in that we saw the distress of his soul, when he begged us, and we wouldn't listen. Therefore this distress has come upon us."
- Reuben answered them, saying, "Didn't I tell you, saying, 'Don't sin against the child,' and you wouldn't listen? Therefore also, behold, his blood is required."
- They didn't know that Joseph understood them; for there was an interpreter between them.
- He turned himself away from them, and wept. Then he returned to them, and spoke to them, and took Simeon from among them, and bound him before their eyes.
- Then Joseph gave a command to fill their bags with grain, and to restore each man's money into his sack, and to give them food for the way. So it was done to them.
- They loaded their donkeys with their grain, and departed from there.
- As one of them opened his sack to give his donkey food in the lodging place, he saw his money. Behold, it was in the mouth of his sack.
- He said to his brothers, "My money is restored! Behold, it is in my sack!" Their hearts failed them, and they turned trembling one to another, saying, "What is this that God has done to us?"
- They came to Jacob their father, to the land of Canaan, and told him all that had happened to them, saying,
- "The man, the lord of the land, spoke roughly with us, and took us for spies of the country.
- We said to him, 'We are honest men. We are no spies.
- We are twelve brothers, sons of our father; one is no more, and the youngest is this day with our father in the land of Canaan.'
- The man, the lord of the land, said to us, 'By this I will know that you are honest men: leave one of your brothers with me, and take grain for the famine of your houses, and go your way.
- Bring your youngest brother to me. Then I will know that you are not spies, but that you are honest men. So I will deliver your brother to you, and you shall trade in the land.'"
- It happened as they emptied their sacks, that behold, each man's bundle of money was in his sack. When they and their father saw their bundles of money, they were afraid.
- Jacob, their father, said to them, "You have bereaved me of my children! Joseph is no more, Simeon is no more, and you want to take Benjamin away. All these things are against me."
- Reuben spoke to his father, saying, "Kill my two sons, if I don't bring him to you. Entrust him to my care, and I will bring him to you again."
- He said, "My son shall not go down with you; for his brother is dead, and he only is left. If harm happens to him along the way in which you go, then you will bring down my gray hairs with sorrow to Sheol."
| Genesis 42 Text (Hebrew)
- וירא יעקב כי יש־שבר במצרים ויאמר יעקב לבניו למה תתראו׃
- ויאמר הנה שמעתי כי יש־שבר במצרים רדו־שמה ושברו־לנו משם ונחיה ולא נמות׃
- וירדו אחי־יוסף עשרה לשבר בר ממצרים׃
- ואת־בנימין אחי יוסף לא־שלח יעקב את־אחיו כי אמר פן־יקראנו אסון׃
- ויבאו בני ישראל לשבר בתוך הבאים כי־היה הרעב בארץ כנען׃
- ויוסף הוא השליט על־הארץ הוא המשביר לכל־עם הארץ ויבאו אחי יוסף וישתחוו־לו אפים ארצה׃
- וירא יוסף את־אחיו ויכרם ויתנכר אליהם וידבר אתם קשות ויאמר אלהם מאין באתם ויאמרו מארץ כנען לשבר־אכל׃
- ויכר יוסף את־אחיו והם לא הכרהו׃
- ויזכר יוסף את החלמות אשר חלם להם ויאמר אלהם מרגלים אתם לראות את־ערות הארץ באתם׃
- ויאמרו אליו לא אדני ועבדיך באו לשבר־אכל׃
- כלנו בני איש־אחד נחנו כנים אנחנו לא־היו עבדיך מרגלים׃
- ויאמר אלהם לא כי־ערות הארץ באתם לראות׃
- ויאמרו שנים עשר עבדיך אחים אנחנו בני איש־אחד בארץ כנען והנה הקטן את־אבינו היום והאחד איננו׃
- ויאמר אלהם יוסף הוא אשר דברתי אלכם לאמר מרגלים אתם׃
- בזאת תבחנו חי פרעה אם־תצאו מזה כי אם־בבוא אחיכם הקטן הנה׃
- שלחו םכם אחד ויקח את־אחיכם ואתם האסרו ויבחנו דבריכם האמת אתכם ואם־לא חי פרעה כי מרגלים אתם׃
- ויאסף אתם אל־משמר שלשת ימים׃
- ויאמר אלהם יוסף ביום השלישי זאת עשו וחיו את־האלהים אני ירא׃
- אם־כנים אתם אחיכם אחד יאסר בבית משמרכם ואתם לכו הביאו שבר רעבון בתיכם׃
- ואת־אחיכם הקטן תביאו אלי ויאמנו דבריכם ולא תמותו ויעשו־כן׃
- ויאמרו איש אל־אחיו אבל אשמים אנחנו על־אחינו אשר ראינו צרת נפשו בהתחננו אלינו ולא שמענו על־כן באה אלינו הצרה הזאת׃
- ויען ראובן אתם לאמר הלוא אמרתי אליכם לאמר אל־תחטאו בילד ולא שמעתם וגם־דמו הנה נדרש׃
- והם לא ידעו כי שמע יוסף כי המליץ בינתם׃
- ויסב מעליהם ויבך וישב אלהם וידבר אלהם ויקח מאתם את־שמעון ויאסר אתו לעיניהם׃
- ויצו יוסף וימלאו את־כליהם בר ולהשיב כספיהם איש אל־שקו ולתת להם צדה לדרך ויעש להם כן׃
- וישאו את־שברם על־חמריהם וילכו משם׃
- ויפתח האחד את־שקו לתת מספוא לחמרו במלון וירא את־כספו והנה־הוא בפי אמתחתו׃
- ויאמר אל־אחיו הושב כספי וגם הנה באמתחתי ויצא לבם ויחרדו איש אל־אחיו לאמר מה־זאת עשה אלהים לנו׃
- ויבאו אל־יעקב אביהם ארצה כנען ויגידו לו את כל־הקרת אתם לאמר׃
- דבר האיש אדני הארץ אתנו קשות ויתן אתנו כמרגלים את־הארץ׃
- ונאמר אליו כנים אנחנו לא היינו מרגלים׃
- שנים־עשר אנחנו אחים בני אבינו האחד איננו והקטן היום את־אבינו בארץ כנען׃
- ויאמר אלינו האיש אדני הארץ בזאת אדע כי כנים אתם אחיכם האחד הניחו אתי ואת־רעבון בתיכם קחו ולכו׃
- והביאו את־אחיכם הקטן אלי ואדעה כי לא מרגלים אתם כי כנים אתם את־אחיכם אתן לכם ואת־הארץ תסחרו׃
- ויהי הם מריקים שקיהם והנה־איש צרור־כספו בשקו ויראו את־צררות כספיהם המה ואביהם וייראו׃
- ויאמר אלהם יעקב אביהם אתי שכלתם יוסף איננו ושמעון איננו ואת־בנימן תקחו עלי היו כלנה׃
- ויאמר ראובן אל־אביו לאמר את־שני בני תמית אם־לא אביאנו אליך תנה אתו על־ידי ואני אשיבנו אליך׃
- ויאמר לא־ירד בני עםכם כי־אחיו מת והוא לבדו נשאר וקראהו אסון בדרך אשר תלכו־בה והורדתם את־שיבתי ביגון שאולה׃
| Genesis 42 Text (Latin)
- Audiens autem Jacob quod alimenta venderentur in Ægypto, dixit filiis suis : Quare negligitis ?
- audivi quod triticum venundetur in Ægypto : descendite, et emite nobis necessaria, ut possimus vivere, et non consumamur inopia.
- Descendentes igitur fratres Joseph decem, ut emerent frumenta in Ægypto,
- Benjamin domi retento a Jacob, qui dixerat fratribus ejus : Ne forte in itinere quidquam patiatur mali :
- ingressi sunt terram Ægypti cum aliis qui pergebant ad emendum. Erat autem fames in terra Chanaan.
- Et Joseph erat princeps in terra Ægypti, atque ad ejus nutum frumenta populis vendebantur. Cumque adorassent eum fratres sui,
- et agnovisset eos, quasi ad alienos durius loquebatur, interrogans eos : Unde venistis ? Qui responderunt : De terra Chanaan, ut emamus victui necessaria.
- Et tamen fratres ipse cognoscens, non est cognitus ab eis.
- Recordatusque somniorum, quæ aliquando viderat, ait ad eos : Exploratores estis : ut videatis infirmiora terræ venistis.
- Qui dixerunt : Non est ita, domine, sed servi tui venerunt ut emerent cibos.
- Omnes filii unius viri sumus : pacifici venimus, nec quidquam famuli tui machinantur mali.
- Quibus ille respondit : Aliter est : immunita terræ hujus considerare venistis.
- At illi : Duodecim, inquiunt, servi tui, fratres sumus, filii viri unius in terra Chanaan : minimus cum patre nostro est, alius non est super.
- Hoc est, ait, quod locutus sum : exploratores estis.
- Jam nunc experimentum vestri capiam : per salutem Pharaonis non egrediemini hinc, donec veniat frater vester minimus.
- Mittite ex vobis unum, et adducat eum : vos autem eritis in vinculis, donec probentur quæ dixistis utrum vera an falsa sint : alioquin per salutem Pharaonis exploratores estis.
- Tradidit ergo illos custodiæ tribus diebus.
- Die autem tertio eductis de carcere, ait : Facite quæ dixi, et vivetis : Deum enim timeo.
- Si pacifici estis, frater vester unus ligetur in carcere : vos autem abite, et ferte frumenta quæ emistis, in domos vestras,
- et fratrem vestrum minimum ad me adducite, ut possim vestros probare sermones, et non moriamini. Fecerunt ut dixerat,
- et locuti sunt ad invicem : Merito hæc patimur, quia peccavimus in fratrem nostrum, videntes angustiam animæ illius, dum deprecaretur nos, et non audivimus : idcirco venit super nos ista tribulatio.
- E quibus unus Ruben, ait : Numquid non dixi vobis : Nolite peccare in puerum : et non audistis me ? en sanguis ejus exquiritur.
- Nesciebant autem quod intelligeret Joseph, eo quod per interpretem loqueretur ad eos.
- Avertitque se parumper, et flevit : et reversus locutus est ad eos.
- Tollensque Simeon, et ligans illis præsentibus, jussit ministris ut implerent eorum saccos tritico, et reponerent pecunias singulorum in sacculis suis, datis supra cibariis in viam : qui fecerunt ita.
- At illi portantes frumenta in asinis suis, profecti sunt.
- Apertoque unus sacco, ut daret jumento pabulum in diversorio, contemplatus pecuniam in ore sacculi,
- dixit fratribus suis : Reddita est mihi pecunia, en habetur in sacco. Et obstupefacti, turbatique, mutuo dixerunt : Quidnam est hoc quod fecit nobis Deus ?
- Veneruntque ad Jacob patrem suum in terram Chanaan, et narraverunt ei omnia quæ accidissent sibi, dicentes :
- Locutus est nobis dominus terræ dure, et putavit nos exploratores esse provinciæ.
- Cui respondimus : Pacifici sumus, nec ullas molimur insidias.
- Duodecim fratres uno patre geniti sumus : unus non est super, minimus cum patre nostro est in terra Chanaan.
- Qui ait nobis : Sic probabo quod pacifici sitis : fratrem vestrum unum dimittite apud me, et cibaria domibus vestris necessaria sumite, et abite,
- fratremque vestrum minimum adducite ad me, ut sciam quod non sitis exploratores : et istum, qui tenetur in vinculis, recipere possitis : ac deinceps quæ vultis, emendi habeatis licentiam.
- His dictis, cum frumenta effunderent, singuli repererunt in ore saccorum ligatas pecunias, exterritisque simul omnibus,
- dixit pater Jacob : Absque liberis me esse fecistis : Joseph non est super, Simeon tenetur in vinculis, et Benjamin auferetis : in me hæc omnia mala reciderunt.
- Cui respondit Ruben : Duos filios meos interfice, si non reduxero illum tibi : trade illum in manu mea, et ego eum tibi restituam.
- At ille : Non descendet, inquit, filius meus vobiscum : frater ejus mortuus est, et ipse solus remansit : si quid ei adversi acciderit in terra ad quam pergitis, deducetis canos meos cum dolore ad inferos.
| Genesis 42 Text (KJV)
- Now when Jacob saw that there was corn in Egypt, Jacob said unto his sons, Why do ye look one upon another?
- And he said, Behold, I have heard that there is corn in Egypt: get you down thither, and buy for us from thence; that we may live, and not die.
- And Joseph's ten brethren went down to buy corn in Egypt.
- But Benjamin, Joseph's brother, Jacob sent not with his brethren; for he said, Lest peradventure mischief befall him.
- And the sons of Israel came to buy corn among those that came: for the famine was in the land of Canaan.
- And Joseph was the governor over the land, and he it was that sold to all the people of the land: and Joseph's brethren came, and bowed down themselves before him with their faces to the earth.
- And Joseph saw his brethren, and he knew them, but made himself strange unto them, and spake roughly unto them; and he said unto them, Whence come ye? And they said, From the land of Canaan to buy food.
- And Joseph knew his brethren, but they knew not him.
- And Joseph remembered the dreams which he dreamed of them, and said unto them, Ye are spies; to see the nakedness of the land ye are come.
- And they said unto him, Nay, my lord, but to buy food are thy servants come.
- We are all one man's sons; we are true men, thy servants are no spies.
- And he said unto them, Nay, but to see the nakedness of the land ye are come.
- And they said, Thy servants are twelve brethren, the sons of one man in the land of Canaan; and, behold, the youngest is this day with our father, and one is not.
- And Joseph said unto them, That is it that I spake unto you, saying, Ye are spies:
- Hereby ye shall be proved: By the life of Pharaoh ye shall not go forth hence, except your youngest brother come hither.
- Send one of you, and let him fetch your brother, and ye shall be kept in prison, that your words may be proved, whether there be any truth in you: or else by the life of Pharaoh surely ye are spies.
- And he put them all together into ward three days.
- And Joseph said unto them the third day, This do, and live; for I fear God:
- If ye be true men, let one of your brethren be bound in the house of your prison: go ye, carry corn for the famine of your houses:
- But bring your youngest brother unto me; so shall your words be verified, and ye shall not die. And they did so.
- And they said one to another, We are verily guilty concerning our brother, in that we saw the anguish of his soul, when he besought us, and we would not hear; therefore is this distress come upon us.
- And Reuben answered them, saying, Spake I not unto you, saying, Do not sin against the child; and ye would not hear? therefore, behold, also his blood is required.
- And they knew not that Joseph understood them; for he spake unto them by an interpreter.
- And he turned himself about from them, and wept; and returned to them again, and communed with them, and took from them Simeon, and bound him before their eyes.
- Then Joseph commanded to fill their sacks with corn, and to restore every man's money into his sack, and to give them provision for the way: and thus did he unto them.
- And they laded their asses with the corn, and departed thence.
- And as one of them opened his sack to give his ass provender in the inn, he espied his money; for, behold, it was in his sack's mouth.
- And he said unto his brethren, My money is restored; and, lo, it is even in my sack: and their heart failed them, and they were afraid, saying one to another, What is this that God hath done unto us?
- And they came unto Jacob their father unto the land of Canaan, and told him all that befell unto them; saying,
- The man, who is the lord of the land, spake roughly to us, and took us for spies of the country.
- And we said unto him, We are true men; we are no spies:
- We be twelve brethren, sons of our father; one is not, and the youngest is this day with our father in the land of Canaan.
- And the man, the lord of the country, said unto us, Hereby shall I know that ye are true men; leave one of your brethren here with me, and take food for the famine of your households, and be gone:
- And bring your youngest brother unto me: then shall I know that ye are no spies, but that ye are true men: so will I deliver you your brother, and ye shall traffick in the land.
- And it came to pass as they emptied their sacks, that, behold, every man's bundle of money was in his sack: and when both they and their father saw the bundles of money, they were afraid.
- And Jacob their father said unto them, Me have ye bereaved of my children: Joseph is not, and Simeon is not, and ye will take Benjamin away: all these things are against me.
- And Reuben spake unto his father, saying, Slay my two sons, if I bring him not to thee: deliver him into my hand, and I will bring him to thee again.
- And he said, My son shall not go down with you; for his brother is dead, and he is left alone: if mischief befall him by the way in the which ye go, then shall ye bring down my gray hairs with sorrow to the grave.