Creation science, intelligent design and evolution

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In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth. Genesis 1:1

Creation Science, Intelligent Design and Evolution

Christians may disagree to the exact way in which God created the universe, but regardless of views, Christians all recognize one God, who created everything. Some Christians believe in the literal 6-day creation account of Genesis and mark the universe as 6,000 years old. Others believe the account, but say the time-frames are not known. And some believe that the stories of Genesis should not be taken literally, but instead are symbols or representations of why the world is the way it is.

Creation Science

"There is no evidence, scientific or otherwise, to support the theory of evolution."
Sir Cecil Wakeley KBE CB DSc MCh.[1] President 1949-1954 of the Royal College of Surgeons of England. Editor 1947-1969 Ann R Coll Surg Engl.

Creation science is the theory that attempts to offer scientific evidence compatible with creation literally according to Genesis. This includes both the belief that the earth is only about 6,000 years old (Young Earth Creationism) and billions of years old (Old Earth Creationism). Although there are some out-spoken Christians with science-backgrounds who subscribe to these views, the vast majority of the world's scientists do not.

The letter from eight professors and three readers provides a useful introduction, at web page Creationism among British scientists. There is a literature review[2] by Professor Andy McIntosh DSc FIMA CMath FInstE CEng FInstP MIGEM FRAeS of the University of Leeds.

Intelligent Design

Intelligent design is the assertion that certain features of the universe and of living things exhibit the characteristics of a product resulting from an intelligent agent (God), as opposed to an unguided process.


Evolution is the theory by which living creatures acquire and pass on randomly-acquired new traits from generation to generation, affecting the overall make-up of the population and even leading to the emergence of new species.

Theistic Evolution

In recent decades the theory of evolution, in particular, the teaching that humans can trace their origins back through earlier pre-human primates through evolution, has caused great debate among Christian circles. Many Christians have seen this as incompatible with Scripture, whereas others have conceded that, given the general scientific consensus, it is possible that our understanding of how best to interpret Genesis needs re-evaluation. Christian theology that considers the early chapters of Genesis symbolic and suspect that God brought about humanity through the process of evolution is sometimes referred to as "theistic evolution".

Out Of Africa Hypothesis versus Multi-Region Hypothesis

Interestingly, more recent scientific developments in understanding through genetic analysis have led to the theory that all humans living today can trace their ancestry back to a single woman (the Mitochondrial Eve theory) and a single man (the Y Chromosome Adam theory) who came from Africa (the Out-Of-Africa Hypothesis). Although this doesn't line up with the Genesis account on a number of levels, it is closer to the Genesis than the previous scientific Multi-Region Hypothesis of humans independently evolving in different continents.


Justin Martyr, Justin on the resurrection, chapter VI. In ANF1, that is, Roberts A, Donaldson J and Coxe AC (1885) Ante-Nicene Fathers, Vol 1, at Christian Classics Ethereal Library. [No later than 300AD.]

And Plato says that all things are made from matter by God, and according to His design; but Epicurus and his followers say that all things are made from the atom and the void by some kind of self-regulating action of the natural movement of the bodies....


  1. Foreword by Sir Cecil Wakeley to the 1967 book by retired professor H Enoch, "Evolution or Creation", Evangelical Press.
  2. McIntosh A (2001), "Genesis for today", Day One Publications. Also later editions.


Young-earth creationism

Old-earth creationism

Progressive creationism

Theistic evolution

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