Kingdom of Israel

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The Ancient Kingdom of Israel

The Kingdom of Israel refers to the kingdom that existed following the split of the united nation of ancient Israel after the death of King Solomon. Prior to this, the 12 tribes of Israel were united into one nation under one king, but following Solomon's death the nation split into two kingdoms - the southern Kingdom of Judah, and the northern Kingdom of Israel. It existed from roughly 930s BC until 722 BC. Its history is described in the books of 1 Kings and 2 Kings and is marked by successive kings who worshipped foreign gods rather than God, ultimately ending in disaster when it was conquered by the Assyrian Empire and its people exiled to foreign lands, to be forever lost from history.

Below is the list of kings of the divided kingdoms:

King of Judah (Estimated Dates BC) King of Israel (Estimated Dates BC)
Rehoboam (931-913) Jeroboam I (931-910)
Abijam (913-911)
Asa (911-870) Nadab (910-909)
Baasha (909-886)
Elah (886-885)
Zimri (885)
Omri (885-874)
Ahab (874-853)
Jehoshaphat (870-848) Ahaziah of Israel (853-852)
Joram (852-841)
Jehoram (848-841)
Ahaziah of Judah (841) Jehu (841-814)
Athaliah (841-835)
Jehoash of Judah (835-796) Jehoahaz of Israel (814-798)
Jehoash of Israel (798-782)
Amaziah (796-767) Jeroboam II (782-753)
Uzziah (767-740) Zachariah (753)
Shallum (752)
Menahem (752-742)
Pekahiah (742-740)
Jotham (740-732) Pekah (740-732)
Ahaz (732-716) Hoshea (732-722)
Hezekiah (716-687)
Manasseh (687-643)
Amon (643-641)
Josiah (641-609)
Jehoahaz of Judah (609)
Jehoiakim (609-598)
Jeconiah (598-597)
Zedekiah (597-587)

Chronological History

Reign of Jeroboam I


Reign of Nadab


Reign of Baasha


Reign of Elah


Reign of Zimri


Reigns of Omri -> Ahab -> Ahaziah -> Joram

Omri reigned from 885 to 874 BC

Ahab succeeded his father Omri, reigning from 874 to 853 BC.

Ahaziah reigned from 853 to 852 BC. He came to the throne after his father Ahab died in battle (1 Kings 22).

Joram was Ahaziah's brother, and he came to power in 852 BC. He was murdered by Jehu, an army official in 841 BC.

Reigns of Jehu -> Jehoahaz -> Jehoash -> Jeroboam II -> Zachariah

Jehu murdered king Joram in 841 BC and placed himself on the throne. He reigned until 814 BC.

Jehu was followed by his son Jehoahaz who reigned from 814 to 798 BC.

Jehoash succeeded his father Jehoahaz, reigning from 798 to 782 BC.

Jeroboam II succeeded his father Jehoash, reigning from 782 to 753 BC. He had a number of military successes and oversaw economic growth in Israel, but none-the-less he is remembered as an evil king who did not follow God in 2 Kings 14.

Jeroboam II was followed by his son Zachariah who reigned in 753 BC. He was murdered after ruling only a few months (2 Kings 15).

Reign of Shallum

Shallum murdered Zachariah in 752 BC and ascended to the throne. Around this time the military fortunes of Israel began to decline dramatically. Within a few weeks of becoming king, Shallum was murdered.

Reigns of Menahem -> Pekahiah

Menahem ascended to the throne after murdering Shallum in 752 BC. He reigned until 742 BC. During his reign, Assyria pressured Israel into pledging loyalty to the Assyrian king (Tiglath-Pileser) and paying tribute (2 Kings 15).

Pekahiah succeeded his father Menahem and reigned from 742 until his murder in 740 BC.

Reign of Pekah

Pekah came to the throne after murder Pekahiah in 740 BC. He reigned until 732 BC, when he was overthrown by Hoshea who had the support of the Assyrian king.

Reign of Hoshea

Hoshea came to the throne after overthrowing Pekah in 732 BC. His reign ended in 722 BC when the people of his kingdom were exiled in 722 BC by the Assyrian empire.



Return to Ancient Israel and Judah


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