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Most Protestants believe Holy Communion to be symbolic. In other words, they do not hold to the Catholic belief of transubstantiation or the Lutheran belief of consubstantiation but instead believe that the cracker and the juice or wine is merely symbolic of Jesus' body and blood. =====Lutheranism===== Lutherans typically believe in the theology called consubstantiation. Consubstantiation is the belief that when the host and wine are consecrated that the bread and wine remain but Jesus' body and blood are also literally present. ===Eastern Orthodox ===
expanding a bit, while clarifying Catholic and Orthodox teaching
===Theology - Differences in opinion===
In Roman Catholic teaching the
scripture passages regarding the last supper are understood literally. Catholics typically call Holy Communion "the Eucharist" . The official teaching of the Roman Catholic Church is that when the priest consecrates the Eucharist, bread and wine [[Metaphysics|metaphysically]] (i.e. not in a physical, material sense) become Jesus' body and blood, a teaching known as [[transubstantiation]].