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Theology is the study of the nature of God. In a Christian context, theology is the attempt to know God more fully by gaining a rational understanding of God's revelation (chiefly found in the Bible).


Theology is sometimes classified or divided in a number of ways.

Practical theology

Practical theology is the study of doctrine as it is expressed in institutional churches, such as liturgy, preaching (homiletics), church administration, Christian education, and pastoral care.

Systematic theology

Systematic Theology is the study of doctrine organized by themes found within Scripture. For example, when one is studying biblical theology he may study what faith means in Galatians, the New Testament, or if studying historical theology he may study what it meant to Augustine. However, in systematic theology one seeks to understand what the entire Bible (often including general revelation) taught about faith or any other area of theology.

Historical theology

Historical theology is the study of doctrine as it has developed over time. It attempts to integrate the thoughts of other Christians throughout the centuries since the times of the Bible.

Biblical theology

Biblical theology is the study of doctrine 1) within a particular period of time in the Bible (Old Testament, New Testament) or 2) within the particular writings of an author (John, Peter, Paul). "Biblical theology seeks to discover what the biblical writers, under divine guidance, believed, described, and taught in the context of their own times". It is based first and foremost on the Bible itself. Biblical theology assumes that the canon was provided by the Holy Spirit through the instrumentality of human authors.



C.S. Lewis in Mere Christianity

Everyone reads, everyone hears things discussed. Consequently, if you do not listen to Theology, that will not mean that you have no ideas about God. It will mean that you have a lot of wrong ones—bad, muddled, out-of-date ideas.


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