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Exodus is the second book of the Old Testament. The Exodus was the departure of the Hebrew slaves from Egypt under Moses. The book tells the story of God's call to Moses, the plagues brought down on the Egyptians, and God bringing the Israelites out of slavery and giving them the Ten Commandments.

Read Matthew Henry's Concise Bible Commentary on Exodus


The Exodus was a very significant historical event. It showed God's faithfulness in working to fulfill his promises that he had made to Abraham 500 years earlier. In this promise, God assured Abraham that his descendents would live in the land of Canaan (modern day Israel and Palestine). It also reaffirmed God's authority, showing the people that he had supremacy over the Egyptian gods. In the process of the Exodus, God brought his people out of slavery, showing them that he was a God of salvation that was given as a free gift of grace.

In the Exodus God formed a new convenant with his people, known as the Sinai Covenant. This covenant is outlined from chapters 19 to 24, and can be summarized in one sentence: God is their God, and they are his people. Within these chapters the Ten Commandments are given to the people as rules for life in a godly society.

After the Exodus from Egypt God showed his intention of always being with the his people by commanding the construction of the tabernacle to be a physical sign of his presence.

These themes of the Exodus can be seen as lights shining towards Jesus and the New Testament. For example, the Passover in Exodus 11-12 was used by Christ to explain his death. The New Testament also shows the parallel of the tabernacle where God lives with his people, and Jesus, where God dwells in his people.


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