Oriental Orthodoxy

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The Oriental Churches

The Oriental Orthodox Communion refers to the churches of the Eastern Christian traditions that agree with only the first three ecumenical councils but reject the the fourth ecumenical council, the Council of Chalcedon. These churches include the Armenian Apostolic Church, the Coptic Church and the Syriac Orthodox Church. Thus, despite the potentially confusing name, Oriental Orthodox churches are completely separate from the Eastern Orthodox churches.

History of Oriental Orthodoxy

The churches in Armenia, Egypt and Syria parted with other Christian churches (such as the churches of Rome and Greece) in the 5th century. The separation resulted because the Oriental Orthodox churches would not accept the view of the remaining Chrisitan churches that Jesus has two distinct natures — one divine and one human.

Branches of Oriental Orthodoxy

The Oriental Churches include the Armenian Apostolic Church, Coptic Orthodox Church and the Syriac Orthodox Church.

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