Koine Greek: Verbs
Synopsis: A verb is a "doing word", for example: Γραφω means "I am writing". In Koine Greek there are numerous aspects to the verb that don't exist in English, and it takes a significant amount of time to become familiar with all the uses of the verbs.
- Indicative Mood and Present, Imperfect, Future and Aorist Tenses
- Non-Indicative Moods
- Other Tenses
- Special Rules
- Special Case Verbs
Comments, Personal Articles, Studies and Sermons
Koine Greek: Verbs (discussion) (For short comments and opinions)
A verb is a "doing word" like Γραφω, which means "I am writing".
In Koine Greek there are numerous aspects to the verb that don't exist in English, and it takes a significant amount of time to become familiar with all the uses of the verbs.
Grammatical components of a verb in Greek
The root or stem of a verb can be modified to give it different meanings. A verb has the following components
- First Person (I or we)
- Second Person (You)
- Third Person (He / she / it or they)
- Indicative - simple statement
- Imperative - a command
- Subjunctive - possible or potential
For example, the verb Γραφω means "I am writing" or "I write"
- First person - the subject is the person who says the word
- Singular - the subject refers to one person, not a group
- Present - the verb describe an action that is occurring or ongoing, i.e. it has a continuous action; usually it implies (but not always) the action is occurring in the present time
- Active - the subject is doing the verb
Tense of a verb
The tense of a verb has two component
Time may be either past, present or future, and tends to be the most important part of a verb's tense in English
Aspect refers to the how the action unfolds, and tends to be the most important part of a verb in Koine Greek. Aspect may be either